SAN ANTONIO, TEXAS
The Texans who died at the Alamo did not know they were fighting for independence from Mexico and for a newly created republic.
|DELEGATES MEETING AT|
The delegates, elected on February 1, convened on the morning of March 1 in Washington-on-the-Brazos, a new town about thirty-five miles upstream from San Felipe. It was a dismal place; the cold rain the night before had left the one street ankle deep in mud, and the cotton cloth stretched across the openings for windows in the unfinished building in which they met only partially excluded the chilling wind.
|THE FALL OF THE ALAMO|
The situation that confronted the delegates when they assembled that cold morning was anything but promising. Mexican troops were crushing Texas forces in south Texas, and Santa Anna's army was wearing down the garrison at the Alamo. Travis was pleading for aid, but there were no troops between them and San Antonio, 150 miles away. The outlook was well nigh hopeless.
INDEPENDENCE FROM MEXICO
However, on March 2, 1836, delegates meeting at Washington on the Brazos declared Texas free and independent from the Republic of Mexico. Fighting was going on at the Alamo and four days later, on March 6, the Alamo fell to the army of Santa Anna.
|GENERAL SAM HOUSTON|
A few weeks later, troops under General Sam Houston defeated the dictator Santa Anna at the Battle of San Jacinto on April 21, 1836, guaranteeing Texas' freedom.
A MULTI-CULTURAL SOCIETY
THEN AND NOW
In marking the 175th anniversary of the Texas Declaration of Independence, Texans should remember that the state in 1836 was a diverse society that engaged many races and cultures in the battle. The Texas war for independence was a multicultural revolution, but it is rarely presented that way. One misconception was that Texas' independence was won by any single ethnic group.
|THE LONE STAR FLAG|
Men and women of all racial and ethnic backgrounds have fought for the Lone Star flag and everything it stands for. Mexican-Americans, African-Americans and Cherokee Indians all played significant roles in the fight for liberty.
Celia Yeary-Romance...and a little bit 'o Texas